A planographic printing process. The printing and non-printing areas lie in the same plane. The natural antipathy between grease and water is the fundamental principle of lithography. A drawing is done on a zinc plate with grease pencils; the plate is then inked with a water-based ink which repels the grease. An indication of a lithography print is how the ink sits on the paper. It appears to be on top of the paper and has a flat, even consistency, with little variation in ink application.
The planographic method, invented in 1792 by Alois Senefelder, based on the natural antipathy of water and grease. Greasy crayon or fluids are applied to a stone (or zinc or aluminum) matrix. Water is washed across the matrix and then ink is applied and adheres to the greasy crayon creating the image. Stone and paper are then passed together through a flat-bed scraper press. See planography.
A lithograph is created using a printing technique based on the principle that oil and water do not mix. Using oil-based ink or a grease crayon, an image is drawn on a flat stone or metal plate. Water is applied to the surface and is repelled by the areas where oil-based images have been drawn. The entire surface is then coated with an oil-based ink that adheres only to the areas drawn in oil, ink or crayon. The image is then printed on paper. Lithography became a popular printing technique because thousands of exact replicas could be made that were like drawings on paper, without degradation of the image.
A printing technique in which the image is drawn on a very flat slab of limestone (or a specially treated metal plate). This stone is treated chemically so that ink, when rolled on to the stone, adheres only where the drawing was done. This inked image can then be transferred to a piece of paper with the help of a high pressure press.
This term describes general offset printing. This process is used by most print publishers today. The original painting is photographed and the image is burned into four plates for a full color printing process. The ink comes from a roller on a printing press. High quality lithographs use a very fine dot screen on acid free paper with fade resistant inks.
literally stone image. In lithography the surface that receives the image to be printed is not engraved but remains flat. The printing ink is attracted to areas that are made greasy and resisted by areas that are made wet with water. Originally large flat stones were used but nowadays the plates are usually metal [zinc] or plastic.
In lithography, which is unrelated to offset lithography, a greasy crayon is used to draw onto a flat stone which is then covered with water. When ink is applied, it sticks to the crayon but is resisted by the water, allowing the transfer of the drawing.
is a flat printing process based on two repelling mediums. A design is created on a smooth or flat surface by using a greasy substance like a litho-crayon. Once the stone is dampened with water, the water is repelled by the greasy surface and only settles in the blank spaces. The surface is then rolled with a printing ink, that is also greasy and it adheres to the area that the design was originally drawn and repels from the areas that contain water. The drawn image is then transferred to the paper to create a lithograph.
A print made by drawing a design with an oily crayon or other greasy substance on a porous stone or, later, a metal plate, the design is then fixed, the entire surface is moistened, and the printing ink which is applied adheres only to the oily lines of the drawing. The design can then be transferred easily in a press to a piece of paper. The technique was invented c. 1796 by Aloys Senefelder, and quickly became popular. It is also widely used commercially, since many impressions can be taken from a single plate.
A method of surface printing from stone. The design is neither cut in relief as in a woodcut nor engraved in intaglio as in line engraving, but simply drawn on the flat surface of a slab of special limestone known as lithographic stone.
Printing technique using a planographic process in which prints are pulled on a special press from a flat stone or metal surface that has been chemically sensitized so that ink sticks only to the design areas, and is repelled by the non image areas. Lithography was invented in 1798 in Solnofen , Germany by Alois Senefelde. The early history of lithography is dominated by great French artists such as Daumier and Delacroix, and later by Degas, Toulouse-Lautrec, Picasso, Braque and Miro.
a print made by drawing with a crayon or other oily substance on a porous stone or a metal plate. Greasy printing ink applied to the moistened stone adheres only to the lines drawn on the stone or slate. The design is then transferred to a damp sheet of paper.
The design is drawn on a stone (or certain types of plates) with a greasy crayon or ink. Water adheres to the bare stone and not the greasy areas, while the printing ink does the opposite--it sticks to the greasy areas and not the wet stone--reproducing the design when printed.
This method was rare before 1810. The image is drawn on a flat stone or on a metal plate with a water repellent, greasy, substance (e.g. crayon). The stone is moistened with water, which the stone/plate accepts in areas not covered by the greasy substance. An oily ink, applied with a roller, only sticks to the drawing and is repelled by the wet parts of the stone/plate. The print is then made by pressing paper against the inked drawing. Only one colour ink can be applied at a time, which makes the process time-consuming. This method can show brush marks and textures like painting or drawing. Lithographs can vary widely in appearance.
A greasy material is used to make a drawing on a zinc plate or limestone block. The plate is then wet and a greasy ink are applied to it. The ink sticks only to the lines that have been drawn. A moist paper is applied to the plate and a special press is used to rub the paper all over to make a print or a lithograph.
A print produced by a printing process in which the image to be printed is rendered on a flat sheet or metal plate or stone, and treated to retain ink while the non-image areas are treated to repel ink.
A print produced by a printing process in which the artist draws, usually with a waxy crayon, directly on a flat stone or specially prepared metal plate (sheet zinc or aluminum). The stone or plate are treated to retain ink while the non-image areas are treated to repel ink.
A method of printing that uses stone (or a metal plate), a grease pencil or brush, and water and ink to produce a number of prints from one drawing or painting. [ ] MACHINE AGE-- The early 1900s focus on the positive aesthetic and social qualities of the factory and cityscape.
Print artwork that relies on the water-repellent properties of oil-based inks. An image is drawn onto a metal plate with an oil based crayon or a greasy ink. The image repels the water while attracting special lithographic inks that are applied with a roller. The inked image is then transferred into paper. Typically, many plates are used to create a lithograph, as each color or part of the image requires a different plate.
( lithographie, lithographe, Steindruck, Polyautographie) Originally an impression taken off of a limestone slab. Stones were replaced by zinc plates in the late 19th century. Process invented by Aloys Senefelder in 1798.
A printmaking process in which the image is drawn onto a stone or metal plate with a greasy medium such as crayon. The stone or plate is dampened with water which is retained by the unmarked areas but not by the greasy drawn image area. The surface is then rolled with the oil-based printing ink that only adheres to the drawn marks because the water repels it from the other areas. Unlike relief and intaglio prints, lithographic prints are normally quite flat, without impressed edges or raised areas in the paper.
A printing process in which a surface, as stone or sheet aluminum, is treated so that the ink adheres only to the portions that are to be printed. The resulting image is a lithograph or a lithographic print. The process of printing from a small stone or metal plate on which the image to be printed is ink-receptive and the blank area is ink repellant. The resultant "original print" is of considerably greater intrinsic worth than the commercially reproduced poster which is mechanically printed on an offset press.