Definitions for "MEDICAL MODEL"
As defined in the text, a subcategory of the pathology model that holds (1) that the underlying pathology is organic and (2) that the treatment should be conducted by physicians. See also learning model, pathology model, psychodynamic model.
top of the page | In this model, disability is considered as an individual pathology to be cured or rehabilitated by medical specialists.
Health services based mainly on providing health care once people are ill, rather than focusing on a more preventative and holistic approach (social model).
As applied in abnormal psychology, a set of assumptions that conceptualizes abnormal behaviour as similar to physical diseases.
A theoretical framework for the handling of prisoners, that held that offenders were “sick” and could be “cured” through the application of behavioural and other appropriate forms of therapy.
A view of corrections holding that convicted offenders are victims of their environment who need care and treatment to be transformed into valuable members of society.
This is a procedural structure that consists of defining a problem in scientific, technological, medical jargon; adopting a biological and/or chemical explanation of the problem that is consistent with current knowledge in medicine; and using medical intervention to "treat" the problem.
The view that behavioral and emotional problems are analogous to physical diseases.
Mode of criminological thinking that treats crime as a product of disease.