An artistic style that privileges "simpler" times or cultures over a more "advanced" or modern way of life. Primitivism idealizes earlier times and it looks to rural living as an answer to the problems of modern civilization. Many twentieth-century poets idealized classical times by using mythology in their poetry. Other writers turned to Africa and images of the noble savage as an antidote to modern life.
Twentieth century musical style resembling some of the characteristics of the art movement of the same name. Stravinsky's ballet The Rite of Spring exemplifies many of the common features: persistent and driving rhythms, bold dissonances, and the simultaneous use of more than one key.
Admiration and appropriation of Indigenous art as a source of inspiration for western art.