A name for an artist from the root word illuminate, used in Britain and in eighteenth-century America. Colonial artists or limners, often working in a naive style, produced the first American portraits, still lifes, and landscapes.
Limner is a term applied to the art of untrained and unnamed painters of the American Colonies, or to the artists themselves. Typically the art is ornamental decoration for signs, clock faces, fire buckets, fire screens, etc. The term is derived from illuminator.