A French school of the middle of the 19th century centering in the village of Barbizon near the forest of Fontainebleau. Its members went straight to nature in disregard of academic tradition, treating their subjects faithfully and with poetic feeling for color, light, and atmosphere. It is exemplified, esp. in landscapes, by Corot, Rousseau, Daubigny, Jules Dupré, and Diaz. Associated with them are certain painters of animals, as Troyon and Jaque, and of peasant life, as Millet and Jules Breton.
French artistic movement named for the village where the painter Theodore Rousseau and a group of artists settled in 1835. The Barbizon group was not a real school, but a new development in style and culture that combined elements of seventeenth-century Dutch landscape and English traditional landscape painting with an awareness of human solitude in nature.