From the Latin Jacobus (James). General term for English styles up to 1688 (King James I ruled from 1603-25). Foreign influence and the passing of the Oak styles can be noticed. Furniture becomes lighter and the decoration moves from Early Renaissance types to Baroque.
This furniture period spans almost the entire first half of the 17th century from James I to Charles I reign. Many furniture specialists claim that all furniture of the 17th century is influenced and encompassed by this design. Pieces are large, square or rectangular. Carving is intricate and done in a tasteful low relief style. Seats of chairs are flat and stretchers sit low on the frame. Stretchers are usually rectangular and show up on most tables and chairs. Oak is the dominant wood.
Strictly speaking of or relating to the reign of James I (r. 1603 - 1625) (James VI of Scotland r. 1567 - 1625) or his times, but widely used in historical term to mean the reign of the Stuart kings from 1603 -1688.
Pertaining to the style of architecture and furnishings prevailing in England in the first half of the 17th century, continuing the Elizabethan style with a gradual introduction of Italian models in architecture and increased elaboration of forms and motifs in furnishings.