Receiving knowledge while sitting near the teacher, conversations between self-realized souls and their students on the subject matter. The phylosophical sections of the Veda's, (there are 108 Upanisads) intended to understand the personal character of the Absolute Truth.
("sitting near"): a type of scripture representing the concluding portion of the revealed literature of Hinduism, hence the designation Vedanta for the teachings of these sacred works; cf. Aranyaka, Brahmana, Veda
The Upanishads (Devanagari: à¤‰à¤ªà¤¨à¤¿à¤·à¤¦à¥, IAST: upaniá¹£ad) are part of the Vedas and form the Hindu scriptures which primarily discuss philosophy, meditation, and the nature of God; they form the core spiritual thought of Vedantic Hinduism. The Upanishads are mystic or spiritual contemplations of the Vedas, their putative end and essence, and thus known as VedÄnta ("the end/culmination of the Vedas"). The Upanishads were composed over several centuries.