Definitions for "Equal Protection of the Law"
Guarantee of the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution that all persons receive equal treatment under law.
a guarantee under the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that a state must treat an individual or class of individuals the same as it treats other individuals or classes in like circumstances (see also rational basis test, strict scrutiny, suspect classification, Amendment XIV to the Constitution). Note: The Equal Protection requirement of the Constitution protects against legislation that affects individuals differently without a rational basis for doing so. In reviewing claims of denial of equal protection, a court will uphold legislation that has a rational basis unless the legislation affects a fundamental right or involves a suspect classification, such as race. In such a case, the court will use a strict scrutiny standard of review and will strike down legislation that does not show a compelling need for discriminating.
Idea that no individual or group may receive special privileges from nor be unjustly discriminated against by the law.