Definitions for "Fundamental Right"
a right that is considered by a court (as the U.S. Supreme Court) to be explicitly or implicitly expressed in a constitution (as the U.S. Constitution) Note: A court must review a law that infringes on a fundamental right under a standard of strict scrutiny. A fundamental right (e.g., right to privacy) can be limited by a law only if there is a compelling state interest, Roe Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973).
a non-derivative right protecting a fundamental interest
a right explicitly or implicitly guaranteed to individuals by the United States Constitution or a state constitution