Globalisation is the term used to describe the increased pace of interconnectedness that has taken place over recent years. It came about as a result of two developments. Firstly, technological changes have enabled information and goods to travel much faster than before, making it easier to transport things and communicate with people. Secondly, the end of the cold war and the spread of a new political philosophy of liberalisation led to the removal of trade barriers. As a result of globalisation, foreign trade and investment have grown dramatically.