A method of determining the present value of a troubled asset to its present owner based on the assumption that the asset will be held for a period of time and sold at some future date. The present value includes future earnings the asset is expected to generate, less the cost of owning, holding, developing and operating the asset. To compensate for these costs, the asset's projected future net cash flows are discounted using a formula that incorporates the cost of capital (the cost of paying dividends and interest). Net realizable value, therefore, is based on a formula incorporating what the asset must earn in order to pay for its share of the costs of running the business. Net realizable value is one accounting method used to calculate the present value of an asset (a loan) at some point after the loan has become past due and book value is no longer valid. See fair value.... read full article

the amount that could be raised by selling an asset (less the costs of sale).

The selling price of an item less reasonable selling costs.

Expected selling price of property minus costs to sell. Net amount received upon sale. Gross receivables less allowance for doubtful accounts, representing the expected collectibility of those receivables.

Net realizable value (NRV) is a commonly used method of evaluating an asset's worth in the field of inventory accounting. NRV is part of GAAP rules that apply to valuing inventory, so as to not overstate or understate the value of inventory goods.