The ancient language of the Hindoos, long since obsolete in vernacular use, but preserved to the present day as the literary and sacred dialect of India. It is nearly allied to the Persian, and to the principal languages of Europe, classical and modern, and by its more perfect preservation of the roots and forms of the primitive language from which they are all descended, is a most important assistance in determining their history and relations. Cf. Prakrit, and Veda.
language generally believed to be of Indo-Aryan origin. From its origin, the sanskrit has progressively complexified its structure to express most accurate and subtle concepts on philosophy, religion and metaphysics in ancient sacred texts ( Veda, Upanishad, etc.)