Multivolume compendium of Jewish legal discussion and biblical exegesis, combining most of the Mishnah (for "repeated study") with the Gemara (literally, "completion"), the latter being a commentary upon the former. The Mishnah was compiled in the first years of the third century C.E. and includes the views of the Tannaim, the succession of rabbis from Hillel to Yehudah Hanasi (Judah the Prince), a stretch of some two centuries. The Gemara contains the views of the Amoraim (literally, the "bearers"). There are two Talmuds, the Yerushalmi (compiled in the land of Israel in the fourth and early fifth centuries C.E.) and the Bavli (compiled in Babylon in the fifth and early sixth centuries C.E.), although both contain much earlier material. Usually, the singular term Talmud refers to the Bavli, four times larger than the Yerushalmi and historically the more influential of the two.