Holy Temple in Jerusalem. The first Beit Hamikdash was built by King David's son King Solomon in around 1000BCE. It was destroyed by the Babylonians in approximately 586BCE. The second Temple was built 70 years later by the prophets Ezra and Nechemia and destroyed by the Romans in 70CE. Orthodox Jews believe that a third Temple will be built upon the coming of the Moshiach.