A pastoral life-style, in which shepherds carry out a regular seasonal migration with their animals, wintering in the valleys and moving up into the mountains in the summer. (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 626)
The practice of moving in order to make use of seasonal resources, such as summer hill pastures, and then moving back to the lowlands in the winter.
Situation in which farmers with a permanent place of residence send their herds, tended by herdsmen, for long periods of time to distant grazing areas.