Sanskrit term for 'Foe Destroyer'. A practitioner who has abandoned all delusions and their seeds by training on the spiritual paths, and who will never again be reborn in samsara. In this context, the term 'Foe' refers to the delusions.
Sanskrit for "one who is worthy," a perfected person, one who has gained insight into the true nature of existence. In China, Korea, Japan, and Tibet, arhats are the close disciples of the Buddha who also achieved nirvana.
There are two kinds of arhats, namely, the Sound-hearing arhat (Sravaka) and the Enlightened-to-condition arhat (Praetyka-Buddha). The former attains the wisdom to understand the Four Noble Truth, while the latter attains the wisdom to understand the Law of Dependent Origination or the Twelve Links of Dependent Origination. They represent two vehicles, who "comprehend for their own sake". As they pay attention to themselves and not to others, they are incapable of genuine and equal enlightenment.
One free from the ten fetters to freedom. Used both to criticise an individual who practices only for self benefit and to praise an accomplished adept. In the latter sense, one of the Ten Names of a Buddha.
A Buddhist saint who has realized selfless reality and is assured of attaining nirvana, or liberation from the cycle of suffering and rebirth. They appear in sets of 16, 18, or 36, depending on the regional Buddhist tradition. All arhats are men, with shaved heads, usually with a protrusion on their foreheads, and clad in the garb of monks. See also Luohan.
A term used primarily in Theravada Buddhism to signify a person who has fulfilled its ultimate goal, the attainment of nirvana. Upon death, the arhat will become extinguished. The arhat, as an individual, has attained full enlightenment, peace and freedom. This should be contrasted to Mahayana Buddhism, in which the ultimate goal is to become a bodhisattva--someone who uses the power they gain from enlightenment to help others.
(Skt.): Foe or Enemy Destroyer. One who has destroyed the enemy of dualistic ego-grasping/clinging, and thus accomplished LIBERATION of CYCLIC EXISTENCE. There are three types of Arhats: SRAVAKA, PRATYEKABUDDHA, BUDDHA.
A Buddhist saint who has liberated themselves from samsara: the endless cycle of life, death and rebirth into the world. They typically lead a monastic live.
( Skt.): Literally, "enemy destroyer." The arhat represents the hinayana ideal, one who has experienced the cessation of suffering through purification of the veils produced by the "enemy," the kleshas or conflicting emotions. Although free from the cycles of rebirth, the arhat is not fully enlightened.
In the sramanic traditions of ancient India (most notably those of Mahavira and Gautama Buddha) Arhat (Sanskrit) or Arahant, (Pali) signified a spiritual practitioner who had - to use an expression common in the tipitaka - 'laid down the burden' - and realised the goal of Nibbana, the culmination of the spiritual life (brahmacarya). Such a person, having removed all causes for future becoming, is not reborn after biological death into any samsaric realm.