Traditionally nomadic residents of the desert â€“ although nowadays only a small percentage of them still adhere to this type of lifestyle, due to increased sedentarisation. The term â€œBedouinâ€ is derived from the Arabic word â€œBedaya,â€ which means beginning. So it can be understood from this connection that the forefathers of the tribes of today were the original inhabitants of these desert wastes.
Bedouin, derived from the Arabic , a generic name for a desert-dweller, is a term generally applied to Arab nomadic pastoralist groups, who are found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and Negev to the Arabian Desert. It is occasionally used to refer to non-Arab groups as well, notably the Beja of the African coast of the Red Sea.