A poem set to music; a musical composition comprising choruses, solos, interludes, etc., arranged in a somewhat dramatic manner; originally, a composition for a single noise, consisting of both recitative and melody.
an unstaged secular or sacred composition, with several movements, for single voice or voices (alternating aria, duet, recitative, full chorus, etc.), normally accompanied by instruments. The vocal equivalent of sonata.
(Ital. for "sung work.") : Genre of vocal composition originating in the Baroque, sacred or secular, for soloist or chorus. A cantata usually has recitatives and arias, duets, choruses, etc. Bach wrote more than 200 cantatas, many of them taking inspiration from and embracing a Protestant chorale.