The initial source of biological material for a given prokaryotic protein sample. Also used generically by the Data Management System (DMS) to refer to a Biomass Source. A cell culture belongs to a particular campaign, but may be associated with several experiments.
The growth of cells in a vessel such as a flask, spinner bottle, or bioreactor ( in vitro). It is used to study the effect of environmental factors on a population of cells and also to produce large quantities of proteins expressed by the cells. Microfiltration is used to sterilize the media and growth enhancers added to media. If human, animal or plant cells are being grown it is often called tissue culture.
Cell culture is the process by which either prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells are grown under controlled conditions. In practice the term "cell culture" has come to refer to the culturing of cells derived from multicellular eukaryotes, especially animal cells. The historical development and methods of cell culture are closely interrelated to those of tissue culture and organ culture.