Of or pertaining to a species; characterizing or constituting a species; possessing the peculiar property or properties of a thing which constitute its species, and distinguish it from other things; as, the specific form of an animal or a plant; the specific qualities of a drug; the specific distinction between virtue and vice.
(sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique; "rules with specific application"; "demands specific to the job"; "a specific and detailed account of the accident"
being or affecting a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition; used also of stains or dyes used in making microscope slides; "quinine is highly specific for malaria"; "a specific remedy"; "a specific stain is one having a specific affinity for particular structural elements"
Applied to a physical quantity, especially a thermodynamic variable, usually means per unit mass. For example, specific volume is volume divided by mass, specific enthalpy is enthalpy divided by mass, and so on. Specific quantities are common in meteorology, and hence specific is often omitted as a qualifier, it being understood.