cutting back trees and shrubs close to the ground to encourage young, vigorous growth, particularly used as a woodland management technique and for the production of willow wands, etc, for fencing and basket weaving. Also see pollarding.
Cutting a tree down at ground level and allowing it to re-grow. The multiple shoots grow in competition and increase after each cut. The growth area is known as a 'stool'. Harvesting is done every5-7 years. The wood is thin and flexible. Used as 'wattle' to weave fences and walls of buildings. Also see Pollard
The practice of cropping timber by cutting the young stems of the tree low down on a regular basis (every 8-20 years, depending on species) for use as material for various products. A common practice throughout the county before the wars, it is rarely done today for commercial reasons but has good conservation benefits for woodland plants and animals.
A method of encouraging regrowth in certain species by cutting the stem to near ground level. Often used as a method of regeneration which enables the grower to obtain 3 or 4 rotations before replanting.
A traditional management technique for some deciduous tree (e.g. oak) and shrub (e.g. hazel) species. The wood sprouting from old stumps is harvested at regular intervals when it is still relatively small. Where the stump is cut at head height to prevent cattle and grazing animals eating the new shoots, this is called 'pollarding'.
Coppicing is a traditional method of woodland management in which young tree stems are cut down to a low level. In subsequent growth years, many new shoots will emerge and after a number of years the cycle begins again and the coppiced tree, or stool, is ready to be harvested again.