A philosophy of science which prioritizes empirical observations over theoretical statements. It assumes that statements deriving from observations make direct reference to real world phenomena and they can be declared true or false without reference to the truth or falsity of theoretical statements. It is a fundamental assumption of positivism challenged by other epistemologies such as realism and postmodernism.
the view that knowledge is derived from sensory experience, for example visual observation. More loosely, it has been used to describe research that contains little in the way of reflection or theory, preferring to report `facts' as they appear to be (as in the term 'abstracted empiricism').
the view that all human knowledge is acquired from sense experience (via the 5 senses: touch, taste, smell, hearing, and sight) or a posteriori which is Latin for "that which follows after." All knowledge is acquired after sensible experience, or post-experientially.
contrasts with Rationalism by believing that you get all ideas or concepts from experience and that truth must be established by reference to experience alone. See Empirical; Radical empiricism; British empiricism; Logical empiricism; Scientific empiricism; Religious empiricism; and Scientific empiricism
considering rational ‘a priori' as THE explanation of experience. Might be seen as a Roman Christian subsect. Then that truncated experience is taken as all of truth, and taken as leading for thinking (see sect)
the epistemological view that all knowledge is grounded in experience and direct observation, and not what's in our mind a priori. Eminent empiricists include Locke, Berkeley (pronounced Barkley), Hume, J.S. Mill and Bertrand Russell.
While the age of enlightenment produced philosophers and others positing a divorce from revealed and divine knowledge, with a focus on human reasoning, two avenues of "knowing about the world" were offered. The first was Rationalism and the second was Empiricism. Propounded by Berkely, Locke and Hume and based upon Aristotlian logic, empiricism demanded 'facts first' and then reasoning, or inductive reasoning about observations, rather than reasoning first and then 'investigation'. Empiricism forms the foundation for our modern Scientific Method.
The school of thought (best described in the tradition of John Locke) which claims that all knowledge is borne of the senses--i.e., is environmentally determined (cf. Skinner Behaviorism pace Chomsky's Rationalism).
A teaching on the theory of knowledge which holds that sensory experience is the only source of knowledge and affirms that all knowledge is founded on experience and is obtained through experience. The opposite to rationalism. The main failing of this is a tendency to reject reason as a means of deduction in favour of a metaphysical exaggeration of the role of experience alone.