A description, history, or explanation of phenomena.
An approach to research which aims to describe and clarify a person's own anomalous experiences to bring about an understanding of an event or phenomenon.
A philosophy emphasizing the importance of reflecting on the ways in which the world is made available for intellectual inquiry; it stresses the role of language and discourse in making the world intelligible. It claims that "observation" and "objectification" are not as simple as assumed in conventional scientific analysis. It rejects the separation of "subject" from "object" and stresses their being intimately interrelated.