The term 'founding fathers' is often used to describe the delegates who attended the constitutional conventions in the 1890s to debate and draft the Australian Constitution. Delegates to the 1891 convention were appointed by the colonial parliaments, and were joined by three delegates from New Zealand. At the 1897 and 1898 sessions, the delegates from New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania were elected. The delegates from Western Australia were again appointed by that colony's parliament. Queensland did not send delegates to the 1897 and 1898 conventions. The founding fathers included future Prime Ministers Edmund Barton, Alfred Deakin and George Reid, as well as a number of future High Court judges.
The Founding Fathers were the delegates to the Philadelphia Convention in 1787 that wrote the Constitution. Most were lawyers, planters, and businessmen, and most of them had previous political experience.
Founding Fathers are persons instrumental in the establishment of an institution, usually a political institution, especially those connected to the origination of its ideals. The term is most often used in more reverential treatments of national history.