refers to the meaning the biblical text had for its original, historical audience; the understanding a contemporary reader can gain from the text by using lexical aids and information on the history and culture of the author(s)
the normal, ordinary, factual, unadorned meaning--without figurative associations. etaphor figure of speech that associates one term with another. If we say, "Time is a river," we're noting a correspondence between the two. A metaphor has two parts: a tenor and a vehicle. The tenor ("time") is the literal subject of the metaphor, and the vehicle ("river") is figurative reference to which the literal subject is implicitly being compared. See Follow a Metaphor.