A figure of speech is a form of speech in which words are used out of their usual meaning to form a picture in the mind. The figures of speech are the simile (comparison), metaphor, synecdoche, metonymy, personification, hyperbole . . .
Applied to words, a figure denotes some form which a word or sentence takes, different from its ordinary and natural form. This is always for the purpose of giving additional force, more life, intensified feeling, and greater emphasis.â€ â€“E.W. Bullinger, Figures of Speech used in the Bible, pg. v Example: Anadiplosis (i.e. like sentence beginnings) Genesis 1:1 â€œIn the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. And the earth was formless and void.
Any expressive use of language, as a metaphor, simile, personification, or antithesis, in which words are used in other than their literal sense, or in other than their ordinary locutions, in order to suggest a picture or image or for other special effect.
A verbal expression in which words or sounds are arranged in a particular way to achieve a particular effect. Figures of speech are organized into different categories, such as alliteration, assonance, metaphor, metonymy, onomatopoeia, simile, and synecdoche.
A figure of speech, sometimes termed a rhetorical, or elocution, is a word or phrase that departs from straightforward, literal language. Figures of speech are often used and crafted for emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity. However, clarity may also suffer from their use.
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