A combination of words having a meaning peculiar to itself and not predictable as a combination of the meanings of the individual words, but sanctioned by usage; as, an idiomatic expression; less commonly, a single word used in a peculiar sense.
4,5,8,9,10 A combination of words that is not strictly in accordance with grammatical rules and often possesses a meaning other than its grammatical or logical one (e.g., an easy test might be described as a piece of cake).
a relatively frozen phrase corresponding to a logical predicate or proposition, ¶8-1-2. Many i. are not syntactically analyzable and not active in grammatical paraphrase. Some i. allow a limited flexibility in lexical selection and certain grammatical alterations.
The language of a particular nation or region; or a mode of expression peculiar to a nation or region. An expression characteristic of a particular language which is not logically or grammatically explicable.
A phrase or expression that means something different from what the words actually say. An idiom is usually understandable to a particular group of people (e.g. using over his head for doesn't understand).
An idiom is a word or phrase whose meaning cannot be understood by the meaning of its constituents. Example:â€œButterflyâ€ is neither a type of â€œbutterâ€ nor a kind of â€œflyâ€â€œWhat is up?â€ is a common greeting
A phrase, construction, or expression that is understood in a given language. This expression has a meaning that differs from typical syntactic patterns or that differs from the literal meaning of its parts taken together. Some examples of idiomatic expressions would include, "to kick the bucket" means "to die," or "to throw in the towel" means "to give up" or "to stop"
A word construction or verbal expression closely associated with a given language. For example, in colloquial English the construction "how come" can be used instead of "why" to introduce a question. Similarly, "a piece of cake" is sometimes used to describe a task that is easily done.
A phrase which is unique to a certain language which makes no sense when translated literally but will be understood by native speakers. For example, "don't look a gift horse in the mouth" or "it's raining cats and dogs."
1. An expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements, as kick the bucket, hang one's head, etc., or from the general grammatical tules of a language, as the table round for the round table, and which is not a constituent of a larger expression of like characteristics. 2. A language, dialect, or style of speaking peculiar to a people. 3. A construction or expression of one language whose parts correspond to elements in another language but whose total structure or meaning is not matched in the same way in the second language. 4. The peculiar character or genius of a language.
refers to a grammatical construction unique to a certain people, region, or class that cannot be translated literally into another language. (e.g., "To be on thin ice", "To pull someone's leg") Illustration
an expression that does not mean what it literally says, as to have the upper hand has nothing to do with hands. Note: Idioms are peculiar to a given language and usually cannot be translated literally. For this reason, languages especially rich in idioms, as English, French, German, and Russian, are difficult to translate. adj. idiomatic.
Idiom is an expression (i.e. term or phrase) whose meaning cannot be deduced from the literal definitions and the arrangement of its parts, but refers instead to a figurative meaning that is known only through conventional use. In linguistics, idioms are widely assumed to be figures of speech that contradict the principle of compositionality, however some debate has recently arisen on this subject.