Indications of what an unfamiliar word means based on the topic and how it is used within a passage.
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 10 Information a reader may obtain from a text that helps conform the meaning of a word or group of words.
Sources of information outside of words that readers may use to predict the identities and meanings of unknown words. Context clues may be drawn from the immediate sentence containing the word, from text already read, from pictures accompanying the text, or from definitions, restatements, examples, or descriptions in the text.
a vocabulary development strategy in which the reader deduces the meaning of a word by analyzing the context in which it appears.
an author's way of providing surrounding words which will help the reader understand unknown words in a text
The reader uses other words in the sentence or paragraph to help identify the word and meaning.
Bits of information from the text that, when combined with the reader's own knowledge, allow the reader to "read between the lines," figure out the meaning of the text, or determine the meaning of unknown words in the text.
information available to a reader for understanding an unfamiliar word from the meaning of a sentence as a whole, familiar language patterns, the meaning of surrounding words and sentences, and the position and function of the word.
The information from the immediate textual setting that helps identify a word for decoding (sounding out) and words being read for the first time. The reader's speaking vocabulary is a back-up strategy and is primarily useful to resolve ambiguity (is bread pronounced bred or breed?) and to confirm the accuracy of decoding (does it make sense and does it sound right?). The context helps resolve which shade of meaning is intended (prog-ress or pro-gress) and is used for learning the meaning of new words that can be decoded or pronounced but are not yet in the reader's speaking vocabulary; it is a primary strategy.
are information found in the immediate textual setting (words, phrases, sentences, illustrations, syntax, etc.) that help to identify a word or word group.