Definitions for "Information"
A proceeding in the nature of a prosecution for some offense against the government, instituted and prosecuted, really or nominally, by some authorized public officer on behalf of the government. It differs from an indictment in criminal cases chiefly in not being based on the finding of a grand jury. See Indictment.
Useful facts, as contrasted with raw data; as, among all this data, there must be some interesting information.
A measure of the number of possible choices of messages contained in a symbol, signal, transmitted message, or other information-bearing object; it is usually quantified as the negative logarithm of the number of allowed symbols that could be contained in the message; for logarithms to the base 2, the measure corresponds to the unit of information, the hartley, which is log210, or 3.323 bits; called also information content. The smallest unit of information that can be contained or transmitted is the bit, corresponding to a yes-or-no decision.
The act of informing, or communicating knowledge or intelligence.
Always, and then some more. My viewpoint is that Syrinx doesn't owe anything to anyone, except to her readers: her observations on products, offers, Industry and media are not necessarily as spot on (although she does her best), as much as honest and incorruptible.
Messages used as the basis for decision-making.
the sense of a sentence which is allowed to be questioned, ¶6-2-2. The measure of i. is a quality (something). In information science its measure is reduced to Boolean by the specious argument that all i. will reduce to propositions. One form of this argument is that any truth can be resolved in at most twenty yes-no questions. Yet this implies that 220 queries are sufficient to identify all real objects (true sentences). This number is far smaller than the number of stars visible with the Hubble telescope.
Keywords:  minefield, huge
a huge minefield
Any information or material regardless of its physical form or characteristics, which is owned by, produced by or for, or is under the control of the United States Government.
Keywords:  kiole, earl, replace, education
Information cannot replace education. Earl Kiole
To enable cooperation between national judiciaries, the EU has laid down rules for the efficient, swift and appropriate exchange of judicial and extra-judicial documents. . (See Judicial-civil: Service of judicial and extra-judicial documents)
an important tool in recognising diversity and its relationship to conservation needs
These are returns, such as Form W-2 and the various 1099 forms, which report to the IRS income and property transactions. The payer, broker, or other designated person is required to file these returns and is subject to penalties for noncompliance.
a one-way relation in which government produces and delivers information for use by citizens. It covers both ‘passive' access to information upon demand from citizens and ‘active' measures by government to disseminate information to citizens.
To inform literally means to put into form or shape. information is now generally taken to be the source of form or order in the world; information is informative and plays the role of a formative cause, as for example in the concept of "genetic information."
Keywords:  madeley, visitors, view, page, general
General information for visitors to Madeley. View page
knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
Keywords:  evolution, genome, increased
That which can not be increased in a genome by evolution.
Keywords:  reward, super, commitment, way
a commitment which will reward in a super way
in peace-keeping, 'operations information', also known as 'military information', is engaged in the area of maps, charts, media interpretation and press relations
Keywords:  football, sports, click, center
a click of football Sports Center
a comprehensive glossary of terms
The organizational content of a signal.
Keywords:  vital, asset, organization
a vital asset for any organization
Keywords:  consent
Informed Consent
Keywords:  difficult, gather, bit
a bit more difficult to gather
Keywords:  forward, big, step
a big step forward
Keywords:  deciding, want, important, part, you
an important part of deciding whether you want one
Keywords:  derived, source
Knowledge derived from any source.
Keywords:  reason, public, making
a reason for not making it public
Keywords:  definitions, key, legal, home
Legal Information home key definitions
Keywords:  definitions, stock, see
See Stock Information for these definitions.
Keywords:  exchanged, type
Any type of knowledge that can be exchanged.
Keywords:  service
a service of the U
Facts or figures ready for communication or use. Knowledge communicated or received concerning a particular fact or circumstance, news etc. see also Knowledge and Wisdom.
Data that has been organised within a context and translated into a form that has structure and meaning. (Note: while most people have an idea about what information is, it is rather difficult to define in a meaningful way).
an accusation for a non-felony offense, in the nature of an indictment, but which is presented by a competent public officer (i.e., DA) instead of a grand jury
A sworn document that commences a criminal prosecution, containing details of the offence.
A complaint filed with a grand jury in order to secure an indictment.
Accusatory document, filed by the prosecutor, detailing the charges against the defendant. An alternative to an indictment, it serves to bring a defendant to trial.
The way to initiate a prosecution for an indictable offence (q.v.). See GOING TO COURT.
Data that have been interpreted and that meet the need of one or more managers.
input integration intelligence
"Probable" and "improbable" are informational terms, whereby "information" can be defined as an improbable situation: the more improbable, the more informative.
Knowledge acquired concerning the conditions or circumstances particular to an incident.
Formal accusation of a crime filed by a prosecutor without a grand jury indictment. Compare charge and indictment.
An official document filed with the court by the Prosecuting Attorney setting forth the crimes allegedly committed.
Knowledge, news or intelligence that may or may not be reliable that is conveyed in some form such as verbal, written, electronic, etc. [D02850] RMW
Facts, data, or instructions in any medium or form. The meaning that a human assigns to data by means of the known conventions used in their representation.
Any knowledge that can be communicated andd/or any documentary material regardless of its physical form or characteristics (NSC EO 1995).
A formal accusation of crime filed by the prosecuting attorney.
Any knowledge received concerning a particular matter, such as a traffic accident, from any source, regardless of the reliability of the knowledge.
a document filled in by the police listing the charges against a defendant. It becomes the formal accusation in the summary jurisdiction.
a group of data in an understandable form, recorded on paper or some other medium, and capable of communication.
The formal document that charges an accused with a criminal offence. The same document is used for adults or youth.
Information is the result of processing, manipulating and organizing data in a way that adds to the knowledge of the person receiving it.
Organized data which is understood to have significance and meaning.
This is the document, filed with the court, which sets out the charge against the Defendant. An indictment is usually used to charge a misdemeanor level offense.
Facts and data. It is important to distinguish information from propaganda, which is essentially skewed or distorted information. Most salespeople, for example, will offer information which is limited and selected to optimise their chance of selling to you.
Knowledge acquired in any manner; for example by facts, data, learning, or lore
Information is data organized and placed into a meaningful context for a specific purpose.
Like an indictment, a formal charging document. The prosecuting attorney makes out the information and files it in court. Probable cause is determined at the preliminary hearing, which, unlike grand jury proceedings, is public and attended by the accused and his or her attorney.
a formal accusation of a crime made by a prosecuting attorney
information recorded or preserved in any form. It includes reports, letters, cards, or information preserved digitally or by other means such as audio-visual material or microfiche.
A written accusation (document) charging a person with a crime that is presented by a prosecuting officer under oath of office, rather than one produced by a grand jury.
Everything (ideas, facts and imaginative works of mind) that has been created or studied by the human mind and published, distributed formally or informally in any format (American Library Association). Information provides answers to "who", "what", "where", and "when" questions.
A formal criminal charge filed by a prosecutor without the aid of a grand jury.
A document by means of which criminal proceedings may be initiated in a magistrate’s court, stating the details of the alleged criminal conduct.
A formal accusation by a government attorney that the defendant committed a misdemeanor.
A measure of the unpredictability of a message; that is, the more unpredictable a message is, the more information it contains. Since systems tend to disorder (according to the second law of thermodynamics), we can think of the degree of order in a system as the amount of information in it. Ordinarily information is transmitted as an ordering of energy (a signal), in which the energy and its ordering (the message) is transmitted from one place to another. Dr. Sarfatti has suggested that the nonlocality of the ERP effect and Bell's Theorem may entail the instantaneous transfer of order from one place to another without any energy transfer. Thus we can have both Bell's Theorem and Special Relativity, since Special Relativity only prohibits the instantaneous transfer of energy and does not say anything about instantaneous transfer of information. [Illuminati Papers, 1980
Data elements or objects generated, transferred, stored, processed and destroyed in the conduct of business functions.
A charging document filed by the District Attorney alleging felony crimes on the basis of a finding of probable cause by a magistrate, following a bindover after a preliminary hearing.
What the organization needs to know to run its business processes and operations. It includes standard data models, data management policies, and descriptions of the patterns of information consumption and production in the organization.
a formal accusation that is filed when an indictment is unneccesary because a public official formally accuses the defendant (usually a corporation)
a standard court document outlining charges laid against the accused
The aggregation of data. Data in which salient features have been rendered into digestible form. Saliency and interpretation is determined by the context and values of the group or organizational culture, reflective of the knowledge that underlies it.
A written allegation that someone has committed a crime. Any person can lay an information before a court, but it is almost always done by the police.
Consisting of the flow of messages and meanings, it requires both a sender and receiver. According to Davenport and Prusak (2000), "information is meant to change the way the receiver perceives something, to have an impact on judgment and behavior. It must inform; it's data that makes a difference." Nonaka (1994) says that information has two characteristics: it is syntactic (objective and measurable, such as the measurement of the volume of information in a phone bill) and semantic (the conveyed meaning, such as the message content). Information is the medium for initiating and formalizing knowledge.
A formal written accusation filed by a public officer, such as a prosecuting attorney, charging that a person or business committed a specific crime.
A collection of observations or facts useful in drawing conclusions. Acquired through study, experience, or instruction, information is a message received and understood by a recipient which decreases the receiver's uncertainty.
The generation, collection, dissemination and accessibility of accurate and clear information relating to land access.
Meaningful data; the result of processing data by computer or other means.
Data that has been contextualized.
Data that human beings assimilate and evaluate to solve a problem or make a decision.
Often used very broadly to encompass all ideas, facts, and imaginative works; can also be used to mean a single data element. Whole volumes have been written in the effort to define it satisfactorily.
An accusation exhibited against a person for some criminal offense, without an indictment. A written accusation made by the State Attorney without the intervention of a grand jury.
is what a person uses to understand reality, or an abstraction. Information is conveyed efficiently by use of maps and charts that tell a data story.
The data that you have about the people you know.
recorded data. Examples include: writing on a sheet of paper; the dyes on a photographic still; the sound in the grooves of a disc; the binary digits forming an E-Mail message.
Data explicitly described in the manuscripts.
an accusation of some criminal offense, in the nature of an indictment, which is presented by a State's Attorney instead of a Grand Jury. Judgment - a final determination by a court of the rights of the parties in an action. Liable - legally obligated to answer, as for one's actions, to an authority that may impose a penalty for failure; responsible to do something
document filed by prosecutors formally charging a person with a crime
Raw facts or data presented in contextual form that can be processed into knowledge ( Intellectual Capital: The New Wealth of Organizations, by Thomas A. Stewart, Doubleday, 1997).
Here, information usually goes hand in hand with the word data, which defines anything, input or output by a computer. One way to think about it is this: When it's in your head, it's information. It becomes data when you type it into a computer.
A public record, filed by the prosecutor, stating the compliant of the people of the state against the accused person.
The part of a message placed there by a sender and not known by the receiver.
Data interpreted in the context of other data. For example, "85 degrees is 5 degrees hotter than the average for today."
An accusatory document that details the charges against a defendant. These are filed by the prosecutor and are an alternative to an indictment.
Data that have been processed and presented in a form suitable for human interpretation, often with the purpose of revealing trends or patterns.
Meaningful expression or interpretation of data.
A message to be sent and received, A collection of facts or data from which inferences may be drawn, Knowledge acquired through study, experience, or instruction
Data that is organized, meaningful, and useful to a particular user or group of users. 1.4, 1.27, 5.3, 13.2 accuracy, 11.34-36 electronic data interchange, 10.4 gathering, SDLC, 14.7-8 sharing using networks, 9.11 valuable, 13.30-33
the knowledge about the attributes and performance of a teacher, based on assessments, documentation, and data sources used in the assessment and evaluation processes. See Data, Evidence, Inference.
A compilation of operational data from across the organization. Information is used for reporting and analysis to support the decision making process.
The result of changing data in some way so that meaningful conclusions can be drawn.
A derivative from meaningful interpretation of data.
(in technological terms) can be defined as a collection of symbols, which when combined, communicates a message or intelligence.
A written accusation presented by a prosecuting officer charging a person in Superior Court with a crime.
a system within the universe that opposes the entropic process. Reduction of uncertainty. Data that has been made meaningful and is communicated.
Glossary of Electronic Music Terms
information Information is a representation of facts, ideas, or opinions about objects, events, and/or processes that exist on any medium or format. Source: Glossary – Framework for the Management of Information in the Government of Canada Data that has been arranged in a systematic way to yield order and meaning. Source: Knowledge Management, Health Canada
Anything placed onto Urban Forestry South; see Content.
The phrase "Information" includes all data, information, documents, files, personally-identifying information, and software disclosed by one party to the other in connection with the Site or your Site Use.
What we get from a set of data.
Knowledge and insight, often gained by examining data.
Data that has been processed in such a way that it can increase the knowledge of the person who receives it.
If you have a real estate question, an agent will know (or can get) the answer.
Data which has been processed or organized.
A charging document presented by a prosecuting attorney, instead of a grand jury, and filed in a circuit court.
any data processed, organised or classified into categories to serve a useful purpose. It can be presented in voice, digital, printed, pictorial, image, graphical or numerical formats.
Includes data, text, images, sound, voice, codes, computer programmes, software and databases or micro-film or computer generated micro fiche.
A formal accusation of a crime, issued by a prosecutor. An alternative to an indictment.
Machine readable content or data that is in the correct format to be processed by an application or system.
The charging document in District Court after a case has been bound over from Justice Court. It is the basis for the arraignment, plea of guilty or not guilty, and trial by jury.
Any communication or representation of knowledge such as facts, data, or opinions, including numerical, graphic, or narrative maintained in any medium or form, including computerized databases, paper, microfilm, or magnetic tape.
a fundamental substance that biologists don't understand
any communication or representation of knowledge such as facts, data, or opinions in any medium or form, including textual, numerical, graphic, cartographic, narrative, or audiovisual forms (OMB Circular A-130).
Facts and knowledge derived from data. The computer operates on and gen- erates data. The meaning derived from the data is information. That is, information results from data; the two words are not synonymous, although they are often used interchangeably.
the interpretation and processing of available and new data for a specific context, giving the data a purposeful meaning.
Something that is meaningful. For example, data may be regarded as information once its meaning is revealed.
Data that has been aggregated or processed according to some model or rules to enhance its meaning, for example, the zip code number 76019-0129.
any representation of knowledge concerning objects that has a particular meaning within a certain context. It can be printed or written, stored electronically, transmitted by post or electronic means, shown on films, or spoken in conversation. It includes documents and papers, electronic data, software or systems and networks on which the information is stored, processed or communicated; intellectual information (knowledge) acquired by individuals and other items such as images, maps, plans, etc.
A written accusation filed in superior court by the prosecuting attorney after a holding order and accusing one or more persons of committing one or more crimes.
Data, that is, facts, figures-anything that the mind can perceive, imagine or measure-organised into forms that people can understand.
An aggregation of data.
Communication or reception of facts or ideas; knowledge obtained from experience, investigation, study or instruction; something (e.g., a message, experimental data, or a picture) which justifies change in a construct (e.g., a plan or theory) that represents physical or mental experience or another construct. imparting some essential or formative characteristic to.
Information is stimuli that have meaning in some context for its receiver. When information is entered into and stored in a computer, it is generally referred to as data.
The written formal charge of crime by the United States Attorney, filed against an accused who, if charged with a serious crime, must have knowingly waived the requirement that the evidence first be presented to a grand jury.
a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn; "statistical data"
(communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome; "the signal contained thousands of bits of information"
Data that have been collected and processed into a meaningful form.
A general term for any data, which normally has the intent of being shared.
a charging instrument that is issued by a prosecutor rather than a grand jury
Data that has been made meaningful and useful.
The meaning that a human assigns to data by means of the known conventions used in their representation. (Joint Pub 1-02)
(1) Facts or data communicated or received. See also RECORDED INFORMATION.(2) Processed data. See also DATA, GOVERNMENT INFORMATION.
result after data is converted into something meaningful.
The knowledge or formation acquired through learning and understanding. Information is a process by which, from the set of accessible data, the subset of relevance  for the subject being informed is extracted and elaborated.
A formal accusation of crime, based on an affidavit of a person allegedly having knowledge of the offense.
Superhighway: A buzzword from a speech by Vice President Al Gore that refers to the Clinton/Gore administration's plan to deregulate communication services and widen the scope of the Internet by opening carriers, such as television cable, to data communication. The term is widely used to mean the Internet and/or World Wide Web.
A document sworn before a judge or justice alleging an offence or offences has/have occurred. The charge document containing specific allegations against the accused.
The data, plus the interpretation necessary to understand it.
A written accusation made by a public prosecutor against a person. Contrast with Indictment.
a data selection with the embeded criteria of selection. Data by themselves may have no meaning, and only when interpreted by a set of epistemological criteria (some kind of data processing pattern) data may take on meaning and become information. People and computers can find patterns in data to perceive information, and information can be used to enhance data processing and human knowledge. data epistemology economics & business
data in any form, of any type, fixed in any carrier (including correspondence, books, notes, illustrations (maps, diagrams, organigrams, pictures, schemes, etc.), photographs, holographs, cinema-, video-, microfilms, sound records, computer system databases or complete or partial reproduction of their elements), explanations given by persons, and any data publicly announced or documented
Organized data with the capacity to inform.
The document in which a prosecutor charges a criminal defendant with a crime which tells the defendant what crime he is charged with, against whom and when the offense is alleged to have occurred.
The meaning of data, as it is intended to be interpreted by people. Data consists of facts, which become information when they are seen in context and convey meaning to people. Computers process data without any understanding of what data represents.
the understanding or insight gained from the processing and/or analysis of data. Information is created as a result of the collection, processing and analysis of data in a prescribed manner. Information supports specific business related actions and decisions. The accuracy of information depends on the validity and completeness of the data and the processing logic used. There are three types of information: policy, control and operational. Policy information is used to establish policies and corporate direction. Control information is used by middle management to implement policy decisions and control corporate operations. Operational information is used by employees in the daily operations of the business, such as processing orders, payroll, and shipping products.
(n.) a collection of related data objects.
A written accusation that charges a person with a crime. A prosecuting officer presents the charge under oath. It does not come from a grand jury.
a written accusation against a person charged with a criminal offence
the interpretation of data for some specific purpose (for example, a weather forecast)
A formal accusation by a prosecutor that the defendant committed a crime. An information is an alternative to an indictment as a means of charging a criminal.
a charge that is filed by a prosecutor instead of an indictment which is handed down by a grand jury
a description of the contents of the web page while the CONTENT is a short phrase saying what the page is about
An accusation of some criminal offense, in the nature of an indictment, but which is presented by a competent public officer instead of a grand jury.
Refined, organised and value-added facts or ideas.
When someone reasonably believes that a person has committed an indictable offence, he or she may lay an information in writing and under oath before a judge or justice of the peace. If the judge or justice of the peace concludes that there is sufficient evidence of an offence, he or she may issue either a summons or warrant for the accused's arrest.
statement by which a magistrate is informed of the offence for which a summons or warrant is required – the procedure by which this statement is brought to the magistrates' attention is known as laying an information;
This term has many meanings depending on the context. For example, it is often related to such concepts as meaning, knowledge, communication, truth, representation, and mental stimulus. See also Information Society. Source: "Information" at Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.
Data processed in such a way that it can increase the knowledge of those who use it. It is the goal and end result of a data management system. See data, data collecting, data management.
Data that are communicated
A) a message, usually in the form of a document or an audible or visible communication . . . meant to change the way the receiver perceives something, to have an impact on his judgment and behavior . . . it's data that makes a difference. (); B) patterns in the data. ()
is data the internal auditor obtains during an audit to provide a sound basis for audit findings and recommendations. Information should be sufficient, competent, relevant, and useful. (420.01.2)
comprises facts/statistics with context and perspective.
A logarithmic measure of improbability. See Marijke's introductory article. The amount of information there is to be known about a system is what constitutes its entropy.
All ideas, facts and imaginative works of the mind which have been communicated, recorded, published and/or distributed formally or informally in any format.
Data that has been organized and translated into a form that provides it with structure and meaning.
Any fact or set of facts, knowledge, news, or advice, whether communicated by others or obtained by personal study and investigation; any datum that reduces uncertainty about the state of any part of the world; intelligence; knowledge derived from reading, observation, or instruction.
facts, concepts, or instructions [ISO 10303-1
Information means the types of information referred to in paragraph 9 of the Terms.
an accusation against a person for some criminal offense, without having been heard by the grand jury.
a sworn or affirmed statement made by an informant who has reasonable and probable grounds to believe that the accused(s) has committed a criminal offence;
Meaningful and useful facts extracted from data.
1. A message, usually in the form of a document or an audible or visible communication, meant to change the way a receiver perceives something and to influence judgment or behavior; data that makes a difference [Thomas Davenport & Laurence Prusak]. 2. Patterns in data [Carla O'Dell & C.Jackson Grayson]. 3. That which reduces uncertainty [Claude Shannon]. Compare with data and knowledge. An information system is an organized collection, processing, transmission, and dissemination of information in accordance with defined procedures, whether automated or manual. Information systems include non-financial, financial, and mixed systems [GAO]. Information management is the planning, budgeting, manipulating, and controlling of information throughout its life cycle [GAO]. Information resources management (IRM) includes related resources such as personnel, equipment, funds, and information technology. Information engineering is an approach to planning, analyzing, designing, and developing an information system with an enterprisewide perspective and an emphasis on data and architectures [GAO].
Information includes useful and usable data, and the products of creative and intellectual endeavour, recorded or transmitted in any format. (Glossary of terms used in ALIA education statements, 1997)
You will have someone to turn to for the questions that will arise.
Data that has been processed into a meaningful form.
A charge filed by the prosecutor in district court, after a preliminary hearing or grand jury indictment, stating the facts and conduct which form the alleged criminal offense.
a document that names the defendant and describes the offence
a sworn statement or statements charging offenses of less than felony grade
a for- mal accusation of a crime issued by a prosecutor, in lieu of an indictment by a grand jury
a formal accusation submitted to the court by a prosecutor
a formal charge against the accused, of the offense, with such particulars as to time, place, and attendant circumstances as will apprise him of the nature of the charge he is to meet, signed by the public prosecutor
a form of federal charge that usually indicates a defendant has agreed to cooperate with prosecutors
an accusation of committing a crime, issued by a prosecutor or competent public officer without the intervention of a grand jury
an accusation presented directly by the prosecutor without consideration by a grand jury
an allegation by a citizen (usually a police officer) that reasonable and probable grounds exist to believe another person (the accused) has committed a crime
a quantitative measure of conservation among aligned protein or nucleic acid sequences
a separate offense
a written accusation filed with the trial court, charging a person with an offense
a criminal complaint.
a written accusation of a crime or a complaint for forfeiture of property or money or for imposition of a penalty, prepared and presented by a competent public official upon his/her oath of office
a written accusation of crime made by a district attorney, without action by a grand jury, after a magistrate, at a preliminary hearing, has found sufficient cause to believe the defendant guilty of a public offense and has ordered him committed
a written charge against the defendant filed by the attorney general rather than by a grand jury
a written statement presented in behalf of the state by the prosecutor, charging the defendant with the commission of an offense
Non-predictable patterns that carry a message.
An accusation of some criminal offenses, similar to an indictment, but that is presented by a prosecutor to a judge after the judge has examined the evidence and determines that the person should be accused of a particular act that is a crime.
Data, which are refined and organized by processing and purposeful intelligence.
a reduction in uncertainty. Information is not necessarily useful.
data with meaning in a particular context
Information is the result of processing, manipulating and organizing data in a way that adds to the knowledge of the person receiving it.