The complete genetic complement or the complete set of instructions for reproducing that organism and carrying out its biological function in life. The DNA in our cells comprises our genome. When our cells divide, the complete genome in those cells is duplicated for transmission to each of the remaining daughter cells.
Every organism has a genome that contains all of the biological information needed to build and maintain a living example of that organism. The biological information is encoded in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), divided into discrete units called genes coding for proteins.
The entire hereditary material in a cell, or the whole sequence of DNA. The human genome consists of 3.3 billion nucleotides coding approximately 30,000 genes (i.e., about 100,000 pairs of nucleotides per gene), bacterium genome - from 600,000 nucleotides / 600 genes (intracellar parasites) to 6-8 million nucleotides / 5,000 - 6,000 genes (freely functioning bacteria).
one or more molecules of nucleid acid, called chromosomes, that encode the genetic informations (genes) required to determinate the structure, function and behavior of a cell or of a virus. Human genome has 46 chromosomes of DNA. Viruses can have a DNA (e.g. HBV) or a RNA (e.g. HCV) genome.
All the DNA in an organism, including its genes. The DNA is found as tightly coiled threads in the nucleus of every cell. The threads are composed of paired strands of nucleotides or base pairs. There are 3.2 billion base pairs in the human genome and 80,000 to 100,000 genes.
The entire complement of genetic material in a nucleus (23 pairs of chromosomes) or an organelle (mitochondrial DNA). The mitochondrial genome is 16,569 bases long, circular and resides within the mitochondrion.
The total genetic complement of the cell(s) of organisms - in eukaryotic cells, all the genes contained in a single set of chromosomes, and extra-nuclear DNA; in prokaryotic cells, circular DNA molecule(s) and any plasmids; in viruses, the RNA or DNA combined with the viral protein coat.
The total genetic content of an organism, comprising genes and all other DNA sequences. Only about 4-5% of the human genome is estimated to constitute gene information. The function of the remaining DNA is unclear, but some of it is likely to have a role in maintaining the stability of the genome.
The totality of all the genetic material (deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA) in an organism, organised in a precise, though by no means fixed or constant way. In the case of viruses, most of them will have ribonucleic acid or RNA as the genetic material.
Français] All the genes contained in an organism's set of chromosomes that direct its development. In animals, this includes the nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. In plants, this includes the nuclear, mitochondrial, and chloroplast's DNA.
the total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in single or multi-celled organisms, in a single chromosome in bacteria, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses; an organism's genetic material
Refers to the sum total of genetic information contained in the chromosomes from a cell representing an individual person. A haploid genome would be the information representing the chromosomes from one gamete.
The minimum amount of genetic information common to all members of a species. Genes form the blueprint for an organism's makeup; a genome is the set of genes that carries the minimum amount of information necessary to construct a single organism.
the unique genetic code or hereditary material of an organism, carried by a set of chromosomes in the nucleus of each cell. The human genome contains an estimated 50,000-100,000 genes; the genome of HIV contains 9 genes.
The total amount of genetic material in a cell; in eukaryotes the haploid set of chromosomes of an organism. The chromosome set is species-specific for the number genes and linkage groups carried in genomic DNA.
All the genetic material in the chromosomes of a particular organism. USDA's research agencies have a Plant Genome Mapping Program to identify, characterize, and map the position of agriculturally important genes on the chromosomes of plants grown as crops or trees in order to better use these genes for improving the characteristics of the plant (resistance to disease, higher yields, etc.) through breeding.
The total sum of genes and additional DNA present in the chromosomes of a particular organism. Thus, the complete set of DNA sequences present in the twenty-three chromosomes of a human is referred to as the human genome.
All the genetic material in the chromosomes of a particular organism; its size is generally given as the total number of base-pairs. In humans, 46 chromosomes make up the genome, with a total of 3 billion bases pairs of approx. 2 meters in length packaged into a tiny nucleus.
all of the genetic information (encoded in DNA) possessed by an organism. Ginko Biloba: (Main function: Improves alertness and circulation). Herb that improves cognition, increases memory and learning in Alzheimer's patients, alleviates some forms of tinnitus and vertigo, and protects neurons from oxidative damage. Ginko has been known to ameliorate circulation problems, cerebral edema, asthma and sexual dysfunction due to use of antidepressants. People also use Ginko Biloba to treat or prevent atherosclerosis, impotence, depression diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration and aging – although there is disagreement about its efficacy for these conditions. CAUTION: Ginkgo Biloba is a blood thinner and should not be used along with other blood thinners (i.e. Coumadin, Heparin) unless instructed by a physician. People on MAO inhibitors (i.e. Nardil, Parnate), St. John's wort, NSAIDs (i.e. Aspirin, Motrin) should be cautious when taking Ginkgo Biloba. Read more...
"a single set of chromosomes of an organism. The genetic material of an organism." A human genome is estimated to be comprised of more than 100,000 genes. The human genome has over 3-billion sub-units which are organised into 23 distinct, physically separate microscopic units called chromosomes.
an organism's complete set of DNA. Genomes vary widely in size: the smallest known genome for a free-living organism (a bacterium) contains about 600,000 DNA base pairs, while human and mouse genomes have some 3 billion.
In biology the genome of an organism is its whole hereditary information and is encoded in the DNA (or, for some viruses, RNA). This includes both the genes and the non-coding sequences of the DNA. The term was coined in 1920 by Hans Winkler, Professor of Botany at the University of Hamburg, Germany, as a portmanteau of the words gene and chromosome.