A kind of pottery, with opaque glazing and showy decoration, which reached its greatest perfection in Italy in the 16th century.
Technically, "maiolica" is any pottery glazed with an opaque tin enamel that conceals the color of the clay body. "Majolica" with a "j" was used in the 1860's in England for relief decorated pottery covered with colored glazes.
Lead-glazed and/or tin-glazed porous earthenware decorated with transparent metallic pigments, introduced in England by Minton & Company around 1851. The company coined the term "majolica," an anglicized version of maiolica. Often used interchangeably in France and Portugal with faience.