The person with this personality expects to be mistreated by others, becomes suspicious, secretive, jealous, and argumentative. He or she will not accept blame and appears cold and unemotional.
characterized by a resistance to external influences. They tend to be chronically tense because they are constantly mobilized against perceived threats from the environment. They are guarded, defensive, argumentative, and litigious. They tend to be distrustful, secretive, and isolative. They avoid intimacy and turn aside nurturing overtures by others. They tend to search for evidence that supports their preconceptions rather than seek objective facts (which they discard if they come across such evidence that doesn't support their prejudices). Thus, while their perceptions may be correct, their judgment is not.