A penal code can be defined as that portion of a state's laws that deal with defining the elements of particular crimes and specifying the punishment for each crime. Other parts of the laws of a given state can also define crimes and punishments, such as a traffic code or a building safety code, or laws addressing environmental resources by regulating hunting, fishing, or forestry.
The Penal Code of Singapore, 1985 Rev. Ed. sets out general principles of the criminal law of Singapore, as well as the elements and penalties of common criminal offences such as homicide, theft and cheating. The Penal Code does not exhaustively define all the criminal offences applicable in Singapore â€“ a large number of these are created by other statutes such as the Arms Offences Act,, 1998 Rev.