In operant conditioning, a stimulus, experienced following a behavior, which decreases the probability that the behavior will be repeated. (27)
A negative consequence of a behavior, which leads to a decrease in the frequency of the behavior that produces it.
level: Comprehensive (3) [ order by level] An unpleasant or aversive stimulus presented to a subject as a consequence of behavior done in response to some antecedent.
Presentation of an aversive event or removal of a positive event following a response which decreases the frequency of that response.
a consequence that decreases the future likelihood of the behavior that it follows
Adverse stimuli offered following a given behavior that decreases the probability that the behavior will be repeated.
A consequence that is applied following a behavior to reduce the probability of that behavior occurring again. Punishment can be very mild (a frown or scolding), more moderate (a brief time-out), or very severe (electric shock to reduce life-threatening behavior).
The application of a stimulus or the removal of a stimulus that occurs after a behavior it is meant to affect, and causes a decrease in the frequency of that behavior.
order by term] level: Comprehensive (3) An unpleasant or aversive stimulus presented to a subject as a consequence of behavior done in response to some antecedent.
Something which decreases the chance that the behavior immediately preceding it will be repeated. Example: My dog potties in the house and I yell at her and shake her. If her behavior ("pottying in the house") decreases, then the yelling and shaking is a punishment. Another example: my trained dog begins to get up on the sit-stay so I jerk upward on the leash. If her behavior ("getting up during the stay") decreases, then the leash correction was a punishment. Note: many thousands of studies have shown that positive reinforcement alone is more effective than punishment alone; many thousands of dog trainers have shown that a judicious combination is the easiest way to train a dog.
An unpleasant event that occurs as a direct consequence of a behavior which decreases the strength of the behavior or the likelihood that it will be repeated. There are pitfalls to this approach. Punishment has a short-term, rather than long-term, effect when appropriate behaviors are not taught or reinforced at the same time. If punishment occurs frequently and across enough school settings, the student will come to view the whole school experience as aversive. Children with certain disabilities may not clearly link cause and effect; therefore, punishment is confusing and is unlikely to prevent another incident. Back to Resources for Parents and Professionals
An act that occurs immediately after an undesirable behavior it is meant to affect, and causes a decrease in the frequency of that behavior. This can be in the form of the administration of an aversive stimulus or event (positive punishment) or the removal of a desirable stimulus (negative punishment); Anything that decrease the frequency of the behavior it immediately follows.
in operant conditioning, the process by which an aversive stimulus decreases the probability of a response that precedes it. (252)
The presentation of an aversive event or the removal of a positive reinforcer to decrease the frequency of a particular behavior
A consequence that decreases the future probability of a response. One type of punishment involves thepresentation of a nonprefered event following the misbehavior. A second type of punishment involves the withdrawal of a positive reinforcer following the misbehavior.
A procedure used to decrease the strength of a response by presenting an aversive stimulus whenever the response occurs. Note that such a stimulus when applied would be a punisher; when removed, it would act as a negative reinforcer, reinforcing whatever led to its removal. See also negative reinforcer.
Punishment is the practice of imposing something unpleasant on a subject as a response to some unwanted or immoral behavior or disobedience that the subject has displayed.