Johannes Brahms's Piano Concerto No. 1 in D minor (Op. 15) is described by some as a virtuoso's showcase. After a prolonged gestation period, like many of Brahms's compositions, it premiered on January 22, 1859 in Hanover, Germany. Five days later, at Leipzig, an unenthusiastic audience hissed at the concerto.
Mendelssohn's Piano Concerto No. 1 in G minor (op. 25) was written in 1830–1, around the same time as his fourth symphony ("Italian"), and premiered in Munich in October 1831. He had already written a piano concerto in A minor with string accompaniment (1822) and two concertos with two pianos (1823–4).
The Piano Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Op. 23, was composed in November 1874 - February 1875 at the instigation of piano virtuoso Nikolai Rubinstein, director of the Moscow Conservatory. It was revised in the summer of 1879 and again in December 1888. The concerto is the most famous of the three piano concertos written by Tchaikovsky.