A form of English operatic entertainment made popular in the early 18th century, combining spoken dialogue, popular tunes and dances. The most typical example is John Gayâ€™s The Beggars Opera. Ballad opera was particularly popular in Dublin. Mozartâ€™s The Abduction from the Seraglio (which Opera Pacific will perform in January of 2003) is considered a â€œsingspielâ€ which is a German form of ballad opera. Modern operas that are considered part of this genre include Vaughan Williamâ€™s Hugh the Drover, and Weillâ€™s The Three Penney Opera.