Bertrand (1872-1970) British philosopher, mathematician and pacifist. A vociferous opponent of the First World War, Russell was active in both the Union of Democratic Control and the No-Conscription Fellowship. He was fined in June 1916 for publishing a leaflet supporting conscientious objection and eventually imprisoned for six months in February 1918 for publicly urging that Britain should take up Germany's offer of peace talks.
Russell is the lava-flooded remains of a lunar impact crater. It is located in the western part of the Oceanus Procellarum, close to the western lunar limb. As a result it appears oblong-shaped due to foreshortening.