All detergents work in basically the same way. They contain molecules that enable them to be soluble in water and attract oil and dirt to them. These molecules clean by attracting themselves to dirt via the oleophilic (oil attracting) end. The dirt is thereby surrounded by hydrophilic (water attracting) ends which allow it to be wetted and carried away by water. Detergents molecules can remain in clothing causing them to attract water and diminish the water repellent properties of the garment. Nikwax Tech-Wash is a non-detergent soap that does not leave a residue and actually removes the detergent residues from garments that have been washed in them.
a compound, or a mixture of compounds, whose molecules have two distinct regions - one that is hydrophilic , and dissolves easilyin water , and another region that is hydrophobic , with little (if any) affinity for water
Technically, all cleaning agents (even soaps) are considered "detergents." However, common usage has narrowed the term to describe those cleaners consisting of man-made (synthetic) chemicals compounds. True "soaps" are cleaners that contain animal fats or plant oils (fatty acids) as their essential ingredients. Modern synthetic detergents utilize chemicals extracted mostly from petroleum as substitutes for these fatty acids. Modern detergents can often contain complex mixtures of chemical compounds. However, the surfactant component of these mixtures is mainly responsible for the cleaning power of detergents.
A water-soluble cleansing agent, other than soap. All detergents work in basically the same way. They contain molecules that enable them to be soluble in water and attract oil and dirt to them. For cloth diapers choose a detergent without phosphates, fabric softeners, or too strong a fragrance.!-- google_ad_client = "pub-1733347790831247"; google_ad_width = 300; google_ad_height = 250; google_ad_format = "300x250_as"; google_ad_type = "text_image"; //2006-12-06: 300 Square google_ad_channel = "6291147134"; google_color_border = "FFFFFF"; google_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; google_color_link = "2D8930"; google_color_text = "000000"; google_color_url = "2D8930";
in lubrication, either an additive or a compounded lubricant having the property of keeping insoluble matter in suspension thus preventing its deposition where it would be harmful. A detergent may also redisperse deposits already formed.
Any material with cleansing powers: soaps, synthetic detergents, man-made alkaline materials, solvents, and abrasives. In common domestic usage, the term is often used to refer to synthetic detergents.
Any material with cleansing powers, including soaps, synthetic detergents, many alkaline materials and solvents, and abrasives. In popular usage the term is often used to mean the synthetic detergents.