See Commandery, n., 3, and also Templar, n., 1 and 3.
A military and religious order, founded about 1118 for the protection of the Holy Sepulchre and pilgrims to the Holy Land. As may be gathered from Joinville's chronicle, it became very rich and powerful. In the end, whether through envy or some better motive, accusations of heresy and evil practices were laid against its members, and after many confessions of guilt had been extracted by torture or other means, the order to suppressed by command of the Pope in 1312. (Shaw, M.R.B. Joinville & Villehardouin: Chronicles of the Crusades, 361) Related terms: Knight Hospitaller / Military Religious Orders / Templars