The charter of a company which indicates nationality, the nature of its business and the share capital it is authorised to issue. It is a statutory document which effectively governs the company's relations with the outside world.
(GB) or Certificate of Incorporation (US) - the document drawn up by a company's founders stating its name, purpose, registered office or premises and authorized share capital.
A document stating the basis upon which a company is created and established. The document includes the company's name, address, initial objectives, capital, basis and extent of external dealings and initial objectives. (See also Articles of Association).