Johannes Brahms' Symphony No. 3 in F major, Op. 90 was written in the summer of 1883 at Wiesbaden, nearly six years after he completed his Second Symphony. In the interim, Brahms had written some of his greatest masterpieces, including the Violin Concerto, the two overtures, and the Second Piano Concerto.
Ralph Vaughan Williams' Symphony No. 3, also called A Pastoral Symphony, was completed in 1922. Vaughan Williams's initial inspiration to write this symphony came during World War I, after hearing a bugler practicing and accidentally playing an interval of a seventh instead of an octave; this ultimately led to the trumpet cadenza in the second movement. The work is among the least performed of Vaughan Williams' symphonies, but it has gained the reputation of being a subtly beautiful elegy for the dead of World War I.
The Symphony No. 3 (subtitled "Jesus Messiah, Save Us") by Galina Ustvolskaya was published in 1983. It is scored for: groups of five oboes, trumpets and double basses; three tubas; a trombone; percussion (three drums); piano; and solo voice, which sings an appeal for salvation. The work lasts approximately 15 minutes.