A spiral scroll which forms the chief feature of the Ionic capital, and which, on a much smaller scale, is a feature in the Corinthian and Composite capitals. See Illust. of Capital, also Helix, and Stale.
A type of hand rail fitting used at the base of a stair. This fitting flares outward from the linear path of the hand rail above and rests on the top of a newel post that is mounted on top of a bottom round tread. It is similar to a turnout, but more ornate. Click here to see a volute.
Stationary casing of a centrifugal pump that separates air and water and in which the impeller rotates. Volutes are spiral-shaped in order to facilitate the partial conversion of the velocity (kinetic) energy into pressure head as the water leaves the impeller.
A decorative coil - as for example on ornamental handles on pottery and at the ends of the horizontal comb-piece topping some windsor chair backs. It was copied from the coils near the top of an Ionic column in Classical architecture.
A volute is a spiral scroll-like ornament that forms the basis of the Ionic order, found in the capital of the Ionic column. It was later incorporated into Corinthian order and Composite column capitals. Four are normally to be found on an Ionic capital, eight on Composite capitals and smaller versions (sometimes called helix) on the Corinthian capital.