capital: a capital which is characterized by two collars of acanthus leaves below corner volutes and a centralized rosette. Invented during the second half of the 5 c. BC by the Greek architect Kallimachos [image
(English) One of several types of architectural columns used in European and European-inspired buildings. The Corinthian column, named after the city of Corinth in Greece, has a fluted shaft and acanthus leaves on its upper end (or capital).
The last of the three Greek architectural orders to be developed. The architectural order with columns whose capitals are ornately decorated with scrolls and carved acanthus leaves. The other two Greek architectural orders are the Doric and Ionic orders.
The Corinthian column can be distinguished by the use of entasis to straighten the appearance of the shaft. Like the Ionic column the Corinthian order has twenty-four flutes representing the pleats of a maiden's dress, and incorporates the same style of base representing her feet. The campanulate capital of the Corinthian column is topped with the abacus below which one finds the ornate acanthus leaf 'bell' representing a 'death wreath' of a young girl. The Greek legend has the girl's nanny placing a wicker toy basket upon her coffin to take into the afterlife. An Acanthus plant is said to have grown intertwined in the basket, giving the Corinthians their symbolic imagery combining love, death and chance.