(or absorbancy) - Rate or Capacity - A measure of how a material or product picks up and holds a liquid, usually water. The two most important components of absorbency are rate and capacity. The rate of absorption is a measure of how fast a specific amount of liquid penetrates the material. The absorptive capacity is a measure the quantity of liquid that the material can hold. It is reported either on an area basis (grams of liquid per square meter of product), on a weight basis (grams of liquid per gram of product). The test result is very dependent upon how excess liquid is drained after the product is saturated. The effect of embossing upon absorbency is more obvious when very gentle drainage techniques are used.
The ability of a fabric to take in moisture. Absorbency is a very important property, which effects many other characteristics such as skin comfort, static build-up, shrinkage, stain removal, water repellency, and wrinkle recovery.
The ability of a textile to absorb liquid. Measured both in terms of how much liquid can be absorbed and the rate at which absorption occurs. Top page A.C.T. Textile Guidelines Guidelines created for the textile industry by the Association for Contract Textiles. Covering abrasion, fire retardancy, color-fastness (to light and crocking) and physical properties.
The ability of porous materials to attract a liquid (water) into its air spaces. In the production of pottery this is useful for the application of glaze to bisque ware in preparation for the glaze firing. The absorption rate of finished pieces (after firing) should be of concern to the consumer. Pieces with lower absorption rates tend to be more durable. See also bisque.