Any of several substances made from glue, wax, or clay, used as a filler for porous material such as paper, canvas or other cloth, or wall surfaces. Used to protect the surface from the deteriorating effects of paint, particularly oil paint.
A chemical substance, such as rosin or a synthetic polymer, coated on an adherent surface so as to reduce water absorption, scuffing, and oil penetration.
The process of adding gelatin on the sheets of paper or starch in the paper pulp to provide a barrier from moisture.
The size of a lens covering a luminaire opening – typically applied to downlights.
A material applied to a surface to act as a penetrating sealer which will alter or lessen its absorbency and isolate it from subsequent coatings.
A mixture of pigment and hot glue applied to the painting surface to ensure against corrosion.
A gelatin additive that is included in the paper making process to give the final product a heightened integral strength and stiffness, as well as a certain amount of water resistance.
A synthetic adhesive or glue used for filling the pores in surfaces ( such as paper, textiles, leather, or plaster) or for applying color or metal leaf on various surfaces.
any glutinous material used to fill pores in surfaces or to stiffen fabrics; "size gives body to a fabric"
cover or stiffen or glaze a porous material with size or sizing (a glutinous substance)
a preliminary coating often applied to the support
originally a solution of glue or gelatine but later any substance that reduces the rate at which paper absorbs water or ink. Can be applied by coating the finished sheet or by addition to the pulp before forming. See also tub-sized and engine-sized.
A gelatinous solution used in glazing, priming textiles.
Resin or other sizing material included in the furnish of a paper to bind the fibres and loading together and to provide greater resistance to ink and greater strength in the sheet.
Mixture of chemical products applied to continuous or discontinuous filaments during their manufacture. A plastic size is a product designed to obtain a good bond between the surface of the fiber and the matrix resin; it generally contains ingredients that facilitate certain operations of conversion or application (winding, chopping, etc.). A textile size is a product designed to facilitate subsequent textile operations (twisting, folding, weaving, etc.). A textile plastic size is a product designed either to facilitate subsequent textile operations or to promote the bond between the surface of the fiber and the matrix resin (according to ISO/DIS 13922).
used to make paper less absorbent, usually gelatin, starch or cellulose.
An adhesive diluted in water. Usually means and animal glue consisting of collagen and gelatin, rabbit skin glue, parchment glue, and edible jelly are all forms of gelatin.
Additive substances such as starch or animal glue which are applied to the surface of the paper (surface sizing) and/or added to the furnish (internal sizing). Sizing is applied to the paper to improve the drawing, painting or printing qualities such as moisture hold out and paper strength.
A liquid composition that prevents excessive absorption of paint or wallpaper adhesive into plaster, wallboard, or a similar porous interior surface.
There are various different sizes, which are usually glutinous in consistency: starch, animal glue size, gelatin size, rice size, linseed oil and chemical sizes such as polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyacrylic acid. Often size is applied to warps, and sometimes wefts, to lay the hairiness of some yarns and increase their strength. The sizing is done before weaving, and in some cases during warp preparation, to protect the yarns from abrasion on the healds and reed.
A sealer once used to prepare the wall before paper was applied. For the most part, acrylic wallpaper primers have replaced size.
A thinned application, traditionally of glue or starch, intended to isolate a support from an acidic binder such as linseed oil, or reduce absorbency, such as in papers for watercolor. In oil painting, size also serves to stiffen a fabric support to make it less springy and more amenable to painting. PVA glue is often used in place of hide glues for sizing canvas today. See also hygroscopic.
A treatment consisting of starch, gelatin, oil, wax or other suitable ingredient which is applied to fibers at the time of formation to protect the surface and aid the process of handling and fabrication, or to control the fiber characteristics. The treatment contains ingredients which provide surface lubricity and binding action but, unlike a finish, contains no coupling agent.
A solution of animal gelatin or resin added to paper to improve its permanence, strength, resistance to moisture, and to make it impervious to the penetration of writing and printing ink. See also engine sizing, tub sizing.
Dilute solution of glue, used to prime surfaces prior to the application of glue proper.
a solution based on starch or casein which is added to the paper to reduce ink absorbency.
The treatment applied to the glass fiber to allow the resin and glass to adhere to one another. Also allows glass fiber to be conveniently handled.
Any material added or applied to paper to affect its ink or water absorbency. Starch, alginates and glue are used in surface sizing. Transparent white ink can be printed as a size to minimize linting, to increase ink hold-out, to dry ink previously printed or to overcome chalking. to top
An adhesive, generally a glue or resin—often mixed with a coloring agent and/or bulk agent—used to attach gold leafing to the illumination surface. Gesso and gum ammoniac are examples of medieval sizes. Size is also used in the making of paper, to prevent inks from bleeding; rubbing a sheet of rabbit skin glue across a troublesome writing surface will have a similar effect.
Chemicals added to paper and board during manufacture to make it less absorbent, so that inks will not bleed, and the image will have better definition. Sizing can also be used to strengthen weak papers. Rosins, gelatin, starches and synthetic resins are used as sizing agents. Sizes used in permanent papers are alkaline.
a coating applied to glass fibres or filaments during manufacture, to improve handling and protect from abrasion
Additives used in paper manufacture to improve the strength or to lower the water absorption of paper.
A solution used as a finisher for fabrics, which stiffens the surface and helps protect against wear.
Rosin, starch and other chemicals used in papermaking to control the water and ink absorbency of the paper.
A liquid coating used to seal a porous surface and prevent subsequent coats from being absorbed.
the glue that was used to stick the color and gold fluid to the vellum. It was often composed of boiled shreds of vellum or fish-bones, gum-Arabic, or egg white (Middleton 239).
Material, such as rosin, glue, gelatin, starch, modified cellulose, etc. added to the stock at the pulp stage, or applied to the surface of the paper when dry, to provide resistance to liquid penetration.
A water bath for putting paints on which has been thickened with carrageenan, or methylcellulose.
Thin, pasty or gluey substance used as a glaze or filler on porous material, such as plaster, paper, cloth, etc.
In glassworking, the name applied to several glutinous materials, such as glue and resin, used to affix color or gold leaf.