The true Claymore was as tall as a man. It was massive but beautifully balanced, two-handed sword. Many of these weapons were cut down and rehilted as basket-hilt broadswords in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. True Claymores are very rare.
This weapon was used in the highlands of Scotland, by mercenaries during the 17th century. It had a straight, broad, double-edged blade, and it also had long, diamond sectioned quillons which were angled towards the blade. This blade was shorter than conventional two-handed swords, and was used by foot soldiers in battle.
Identified with the Scot's symbol of the warrior, the term "Claymore" is Gaelic for "claidheamh-more" (great sword). This two-handed broadsword was used by the Scottish Highlanders against the English in the 16th century and is often confused with a Basket-hilt "broadsword" (a relative of the Italian schiavona) whose hilt completely enclosed the hand in a cage- like guard. Both swords have come to be known by the same name since the late 1700's.
a Scottish long sword, also known in Scottish Gaelic as the claidhheamh da laimh (clay-him-da-lav), was held with both fists; also a double edged blade, very long and heavy, so long it was carried strapped the back of Highland warriors.