The final or most stable animal or plant community in a succession series; the final outcome of a slow, orderly progression of changes in communities in an area over time. A climax community is capable of maintaining itself indefinitely as long as the environment is not disturbed by, say, the introduction of some other species or some extreme geological or climate event.
A combination of plant and animal forms that dominate mature ecological communities. Climax communities are unique and shaped by various factors, including temperature, rainfall, and soil acidity.
The final stage of an ecological succession sequence. The final and mature association of living organisms following a natural succession. This stage remains relatively unchanged, if climatic and physiographic factors remain stable. It is determined by temperature and the moisture available. Often it comprises the tallest trees.