Key Process Area a term used in the CMM. Each key process area identifies a cluster of related activities that, when performed collectively, achieve a set of goals considered important for establishing process capability at that maturity level.
Key Process Areas. Both the CMM and CMMI are divided into key process areas (or KPAs) which define specific goals and practices. Each KPA addresses a specific area of software engineering. There are several dozen KPAs, including requirements management, project planning, project monitoring, configuration management, and training.