Whole, organic, macrocosmic.
This refers to a scientific philosophy that is based on the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Each part is imbedded in systems of forces that determine its evolution. Ultimately living systems have more wholeness than mechanical systems since the life in the living system exists beyond any cause and effect relationship between the parts. Cause and effect relationships are the mark of the inorganic or mechanical realm. Wholeness is the mark of the living realm.
"This term embraces a 'whole of life' view including physical, mental, emotional and spiritual realms" (Saskatchewan Advisory Committee on Diabetes, 2000).