The FOIA, enacted in 1966, generally provides that any person has a right of access to federal agency records. This right of access is enforceable in court except for those records that are protected from disclosure by the nine exemptions to the FOIA, which are discussed in the text.
a written request to view the records of federal agencies
FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT. A law of the United States intended to assure government openess and accountability. It establishes that citizens have the right of access to federal agency records. Enacted in 1966, the Act also defines specific kinds of information that the government can exempt from disclosure.